你有没有听说过幽门螺杆菌?/ Have you ever heard of the bacteria called H. pylori?

下一专题:你有没有听说过幽门螺杆菌?

(原创于www.eliaus.com 博主:elia, 微信号:us20120514)

幽门螺杆菌通常发现在世界三分之二的人口的胃部。这种细菌是大部分胃溃疡和小肠上部溃疡的原因。此外,幽门螺杆菌是胃癌的主要原因。不是要吓你,但胃癌是世界上第二大与癌症有关的死亡癌症,也是中国第三大癌症。

 

幽门螺杆菌感染的常见症状是什么?

• 口臭

•作呕

•腹胀

•食欲不振

•胃灼热

• 胃溃疡

•贫血

•腹部不适

•腹痛

•黑暗或焦粪便

Have you ever heard of the bacteria called H. pylori?

H. pylori is commonly found in the stomach of two thirds of the world’s population. This bacteria is responsible for most ulcers of the stomach and top part of the small intestine. Furthermore, H. pylori is a prime cause of gastric cancer.  Not to scare you, but gastric cancer is responsible for the second most cancer related deaths in the world and the third most common cancer in China.

What are some common symptoms of H. pylori infection?

  • Bad breath
  • Belching
  • Bloating
  • Deceased appetite
  • Heartburn
  • Peptic Ulcers
  • Anemia
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Abdominal pain
  • Dark or tarry stools

那么,我们是如何感染上幽门螺杆菌的?

一半以上的中国人在儿童时期就已经感染幽门螺杆菌。通常,它通过口对口接触传播(配偶,女朋友/男朋友,熟人)以及受污染的食物和水。所以,如果家里有一位成员感染了它,就会通过公用的,没有彻底洗干净的勺子,叉子,杯子,筷子传给你。另外,在餐厅吃饭时,如果餐具用品,盘子和杯子没有彻底洗干净,人们可以感染上它。同时,准备食物的人去完洗手间没有洗手就服务你的话,你也会感染上它。

 

当进行幽门螺杆菌治疗时,请确保同时治疗整个家庭,因为他们也可能感染细菌。如果你少治疗一个家庭成员,整个家庭可以再次感染。另外用热肥皂水清洗所有东西。

 

那么,治疗幽门螺杆菌感染是否会降低胃癌的机会?

在一项临床研究中,中国山东患有幽门螺杆菌细菌感染的人在15年前消失,显示胃癌的降低率几乎降低了40%。另外还有其他的胃癌危险因素,包括吸烟(所以要戒烟),慢性胃炎(胃炎),烟熏食品,腌制品或化学保存食物的饮食以及少吃或不吃水果和蔬菜。

 

So, how does one get H. pylori?

Over half the Chinese population gets H. pylori in childhood.  Typically, it is spread by mouth-to-mouth contact (spouse, girlfriend/boyfriend, acquaintance) as well as from contaminated food and water.  So, a family member can have it and give it to you usually by sharing their spoon, fork, cup, chopsticks that has been poorly washed.  Additionally, one can get it when eating at a restaurant from poorly washed utensils, plates, and cups or someone who is infected with the bacteria didn’t wash their hands after going to the restroom then prepared or served your food.

When H. pylori is treated, make sure to treat the whole family at the same time as they may be also infected with the bacteria.  If you miss treating one family member, the whole family can get infected again.  Wash everything in hot soapy water.

So, does treating a H. pylori infection reduce your chances of gastric cancer?

In one clinical study, people from Shandong,  China who had their H. pylori bacterial infection eliminated 15 years earlier were shown to have an almost 40 percent reduced rate of gastric cancer.  There are also other risk factors for gastric cancer which include tobacco smoking (so stop smoking), chronic gastritis (inflammation of the stomach), diet high in smoked,  salted, or chemically preserved foods, and a diet low in fruits and vegetables.

如何对付幽门螺杆菌?

常规疗法

1)抗生素(有20%再次感染的机会,治疗可以导致摧毁大部分有益细菌导致真菌感染)

- 在服用抗生​​素时,请确保在治疗期间服用正确的益生菌以减少真菌感染的机会

 

自然 疗法

1)益生菌(用细菌灭菌,知道用哪些很重要)

2)某些绿茶(不是所有的绿茶都有效果)

3)大蒜(特别是生大蒜(不煮熟),彻底洗干净或轻轻煮熟)

4)西兰花

5)一些初采蜂蜜(麦卢卡蜂蜜)

6)欧米茄3

7)益生菌食品(来自A2母牛的有机原料乳,有机羊奶和有机牛奶的有机原料乳制品)

确保避免或减少

1)辣食物

2)腌制食品

3)用白面粉制成的食物

4)咖啡

5)苏打水

6)咖啡因丰富的食物,如巧克力和某些糖果

7)压力

 

How does one fight H. pylori?

Conventionally

  1. Antibiotics (have a 20% chance of getting the infection again and the treatment destroys most of your good bacteria leading to possible fungal infections)  

-Make sure when taking antibiotics you take the proper probiotics during treatment to reduce the chance of a fungal infection

Naturally

  1. Probiotics (Fight bacteria with bacteria. Important to know which ones.)
  2. Some Green tea (Not all green teas are as effective)
  3. Garlic (Especially raw (not cooked) and well cleaned or lightly cooked)
  4. Broccoli
  5. Some Raw Honey (Manuka honey)
  6. Omega 3
  7. Probiotic foods like (Organic raw dairy from A2 cows, organic raw dairy from goats and sheep, organic kefir)

Make sure to avoid or reduce

  1. Spicy Foods
  2. Pickled Foods
  3. Foods made with white flour
  4. Coffee
  5. Soda
  6. Caffeine rich foods like chocolate and certain candies
  7. Stress

如何降低再次获得幽门螺杆菌的风险?

1)如果你怀疑你可能感染了,到医生那里治疗

2)良好的卫生(洗手)

3)有一个干净的水源

4)避免不卫生的地方(不要吃街头小贩或者不可靠的餐厅的食物,甚至不要到不讲究卫生的邻居那边吃饭)

5)经常洗手(握手后,去洗手间,触摸不卫生的东西)

6)如果家里有一位成员感染了就整个家庭一起治疗,不管是传统治疗还是自然治疗

7)用自己的用具(碗,杯子,盘子,筷子,勺子,叉子,刀子)

8)不要吃随便煮的熟食或准备好的熟食。

因此,随着饮食和生活方式的改变,可以降低幽门螺杆菌感染并发症的风险。你有没有检查过?你准备好进行必要的改变吗?

你准备好减少胃癌的危险因素吗?

(执笔者背景:美国高级医药师高级顾问。美国本土白人。持美国医师执照。译者为www.eliaus.com 的博主Elia,两个孩子的妈妈,也是执笔者的妻子。)

How does one reduce the risk of getting H. pylori again?

  1. If you suspect that you may be infected, get tested by the doctor
  2. Good hygiene (hand washing)
  3. Have a clean source of water
  4. Avoid unsanitary areas (Don’t eat food from street vendors or from shady restaurants or even your neighbor if he or she has poor hygiene)
  5. Wash your hands regularly (after shaking hands, going to the restroom, touching unsanitary things)
  6. If one member has it treat the whole family conventionally or naturally
  7. Use your own utensils (cup, plate, chopsticks, spoon, fork, knife)
  8. Do not eat poorly/prepared cooked food.

So, with a change in diet and lifestyle one can lower one’s risks of complications from a H. pylori infection.  Have you been tested?  Are you ready to make the necessary changes?  Are you ready to reduce your risk factors for stomach cancer?

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